Dragon Beard (Photos)


The dragon's beak, also known as schisandra, is a perennial herb of the genus Apricotaceae and Japanese-Chinese flower. Plants grow flat, many branches, the base slightly lignified. The fleshy leaves are opposite, and the leaves are hypertrophic and juicy. They are triangular-shaped, with keel-like protrusions. The leaves are 5 cm to 8 cm long, green and covered with white powder. Flowers solitary, 5 cm to 7 cm in diameter, with purple, pink, yellow, orange and other colors. Petals have a metallic luster. The flowering season is early spring and early summer. It is usually open during sunny days and closed in the evening, so it is closed overnight. A single flower can be opened for 5 days to 7 days. If it is rainy, it cannot be opened.

Begonia is native to South Africa and enjoys a warm, dry and sunny environment. It avoids water blisters, is afraid of high temperatures, is not tolerant to cold and resistant to drought. During the growing season, sufficient light is required. If there is not enough light, the internodes will be elongated, the branches will be soft and delicate, and the branches and leaves will be easy to fall. Usually keep the pot soil slightly dry to avoid accumulation of water, otherwise it will cause rot, every 15 days to 20 days to apply a decomposed thin liquid fertilizer or compound fertilizer. Fertilizer should not be too large in the cultivation, especially the amount of nitrogen fertilizer can not be too much, otherwise it will cause the growth of branches and leaves, flowering sparse. When the high temperature is in summer, the plants are in semi-dormant state, grow slowly or stagnate, and should be placed in a cool and ventilated place to prevent sun exposure, control watering, so as to avoid rot caused by high temperature and humidity, and stop fertilization, and then return to normal management after autumn cool. . Move to indoor sunny place in winter, the temperature should not be lower than 5 °C, it is better to maintain the room temperature of about 10 °C, reduce watering, keep the leaves can not shrink, if the temperature is low, humidity is high, the leaves may become yellow sagging, serious Even plants withered to death. To change the pots in the early spring each year, it is advisable to use fertile, well-drained sandy soil in pots and soils, and carry out heavy shearing in conjunction with the pots, cutting the old branches 1/2 to 1/3, and encourage them to grow new foliage. Wait until April to May to resume flowering. Old plants that have been cultivated for many years often have poor flowering and can reproduce new plants.

The breeding of the dragon's beard is generally carried out in spring and autumn. Cuttings are selected from the top of the sturdy branches and cut into 6 cm to 10 cm, inserted into sandy soil or vermiculite, kept slightly moist, rooted from 2 weeks to 3 weeks, and then every other week. About the upper pot. The newly planted pots should be dried slightly. When the seedling height is 20 cm, one heart is picked to promote more branches and more flowers.

The dragon's beaked sea bream has a bright color and a large amount of flowers. The family can decorate potted plants such as balconies, windowsills, etc. It can also be used for hanging pots and is hung in front of windows, corridors, etc. It has a very good decorative effect. (Yushan)

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