High temperature and rainy season to guard against cow mastitis


Mastitis is one of the four diseases of dairy cows. The incidence of the disease is affected by factors such as temperature and environment, in addition to the pathogens. For example, in July and August 1993, due to high temperatures, large numbers of pathogenic bacteria, and abundant rainwater, the sports ground was filled with cement, which made it easy to make the breasts dirty and have a high incidence rate. Therefore, farmers should strengthen the comprehensive management measures of dairy cows during the high temperature and rainy season and be alert to the onset of mastitis.

Factors that reduce contact with pathogens Milkers must pay attention to personal hygiene. When milking, they should not feed feeds such as hay or forage, and they must have good hygiene measures.

Reducing stress response Cowshed must be dry, ventilated and cool in summer and autumn to prevent high temperature and humidity. In addition, attention should be paid to reducing the risk of herd migration or the first use of a new milking station or milking machine.

Reduce traumatic factors to prevent over-squeezing of the bar, smooth floor and aisle, excessive pedal or steps, scrap iron fence, etc.

Nutritional factors In the dry cow or young cows 60 days before calving, we must prevent the lack of vitamin A, vitamin E and trace element selenium; in the last week of lactation, the cow should not add grain, silage and high quality Legume hay and so on.

Milking operation should regulate the first few days of milk production, the breast will have edema, so that it can quickly disappear, you can increase the number of milking, but the first four days after delivery, all squeezed dry susceptible to postpartum snoring. On the first day, about 2 kilograms are squeezed each time. The milking volume is about 1/3 of the milk volume on the second day, 1/2 on the third day, and 3/4 on the fourth day. The fifth day can be completely squeezed. . During the final milking period, we must squeeze milk thoroughly and then inject dry cream and stop milk and other drugs.

Prevention of secondary diseases can cause many secondary cryptogenic mastitis diseases, first tuberculosis, brucellosis, followed by nipple trauma, endometrial fibrosis, endometritis, and postpartum sepsis. Treat these diseases promptly to prevent secondary hidden mastitis.

Dairy cow mastitis is a complex multifactorial disease. Therefore, in the treatment of mastitis in dairy cows, we must choose the appropriate treatment methods based on the cause of the disease, and strengthen management, comprehensive prevention and control, in order to minimize the loss of cow mastitis.

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