Chinese herbal medicine primary processing should pay attention to what


There are many kinds of Chinese herbal medicines, such as seeds, flowers, fruits, skins, and all kinds of herbs. The processing of each kind of medicinal materials is different.
Processing of Seed Herbs Generally, the fruit is directly dried, threshed, and collected after harvesting. Some medicinal herbs are to be seeded or peeled, such as wolfberry and cassia seed. Some have to break the core and remove the seed for medicinal use, such as Li Ren, Suanzaoren and so on. Some of them need to be steamed to destroy the enzymes that are susceptible to deteriorating discoloration, such as Schisandra and Ligustrum lucidum.
In order to maintain the bright colors and flowers of the flowers, the herbs should be placed in a ventilated place to dry out or dried quickly at low temperatures to avoid the loss of active ingredients and maintain a strong aroma. Such as safflower, silk flowers, honeysuckle, roses, rose flowers and so on. Very few species need to be steamed before drying, such as Chrysanthemum.
The processing of fruit medicines in general The fruit medicines can be directly dried or dried after harvested. However, medicinal materials that are large and difficult to dry, such as bergamot, lime, papaya, etc., should be cut first and then dried; medicinal materials that use pulp or peel as herbs, such as mirrow, orange peel, and hawthorn, should be first removed, nucleated or peeled. After the drying; In addition, there are a handful of herbs such as ebony, etc. must be baked, smoked and other methods of processing.
The processing of the skin medicinal materials is generally cut into pieces or pieces after harvesting, and then dried and dried. However, some species should be freshly scraped after harvesting the outer cork, and then dried, such as paeonol, coriander, cork, etc.; some bark herbs should be used after boiling water slightly hot, plus code stack Place it so that it “sweats” until the inner layer turns to a brownish color, and then wipe the cork with steam and then cut it into a piece of silk, slice or roll into a tube, and then dry it, such as cinnamon, honokiol, and eucommia.
The whole herb and leafy herbs are harvested and dried directly after being harvested and dried in a ventilated place, especially herbs containing volatile essential oils such as peppermint, catmint, musk, etc., to avoid loss of active ingredients; All herbs should be tied into small bundles before they are dried, then dry to dryness to avoid loss, such as basil, mint, and blood flow. Some fleshy leaves with higher water content, such as purslane, sagebrush, etc., should be slightly hot with boiling water before drying.
The processing of root and underground stem medicinal materials After such medicinal materials are harvested, they are generally washed first to remove fibrous roots, reed heads, and residual foliage, and then sized and graded, freshly cut into pieces, pieces or segments, and then dried or dried. Dry and serve, such as white peony root, salvia miltiorrhiza, achyranthes, forsythia, shoot dry, etc.; some succulent, high water content root, bulb medicine, such as Asparagus, one hundred, white, etc., should be slightly hot with boiling water After that, cut it into pieces for drying or drying; for the crude roots and herbs that are hard to dry, such as Scrophulariaceae, Pueraria, etc., should be freshly sliced, and then dried; for those herbs that are difficult to peel after drying, such as paeon , Campanulaceae, Pinellia, peony, etc. should be freshly scraped to cork; for those who have starch, sap sauce enough herbs, such as Gastrodia, Rehmannia, Polygonatum, Wong Jing, fleece-flower root should be steamed fresh, and then sliced ​​and dried. Some species such as Radix et Rhizoma and Radix Codonopsis should first be put into boiling water to be a little hot, then scraped, washed, and dried; in addition, medicinal materials such as Salvia miltiorrhiza, Scrophularia scrofa, and Radix Paeoniae Alba, etc., must first be boiled and boiled, and then Repeated "sweat" can be completely dry. Some kinds of medicinal materials, such as yam and fritillaria, must be fumigated with sulphur to be able to dry faster, keep their color and whiteness, and become powdery, and they can disinfect, kill insects, and prevent poison, which is beneficial to the storage of medicinal materials.

Sun Dried Cut Kelp

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